A short walk down Connecticut Avenue from the Woodley Park Metro Station, you may know the National Zoo as one of the few places in the country to see giant pandas. But do you know these fascinating National Zoo facts about one of the nation’s oldest zoos?
Inspired to save several North American species from extinction, the Smithsonian Institution’s chief taxidermist, William Temple Hornaday, established the National Zoo. One of the most heartbreaking National Zoo facts is that during a trip to the American West in 1886, Hornaday was so concerned about the future of several animals that he brought them to Washington, DC to save them.
More than 125 years later, the zoo in DC remains true to its original mission to “provide engaging experiences with animals and create and share knowledge to save wildlife and habitats.”
2. You'll Never Believe the Smithsonian Zoo's Original Location
The National Zoo’s original location was behind the Smithsonian Castle on the National Mall and featured deer, foxes, prairie dogs, badgers, beavers, lynx, and bison. Today the zoo is home to approximately 1,800 animals of 300 species, and about one-fifth are endangered or threatened.
3. A Contribution from Kansas (Sort Of)
In 1899, Kansas frontiersman Charles “Buffalo” Jones captured a bighorn sheep (but not in the Sunflower State) and added it to the National Zoo’s collection.
4. The Zoo's Most Famous Residents are Giant Pandas
While the National Zoo’s most famous residents are likely the giant pandas, visitors can also see Asian elephants, great apes, big cats, and a large variety of other birds, insects, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals.
Pro Tip: Watch the giant pandas at the National Zoo and 35+ other animals via these live animal cams.
Related Article: 9 Things You Didn’t Know About the First Panda to Live in the US
5. Giant Pandas Have Lived At the National Zoo Since the Nixon Administration
6. The Smithsonian National Zoo Was Also the Home of Another Famous Bear
Speaking of bears, one of the National Zoo’s most famous residents was Smokey Bear. The inspiration for the cartoon, Smokey was a five pound, three-month-old black bear cub rescued from the Capitan Gap forest fire in New Mexico. After being rescued from a tree with burns to his paws and hind legs, the staff at the National Zoo nursed Smokey back to health. He lived at the National Zoo from 1950 until his death in 1976. Smokey Bear received so much fan mail, up to 13,000 letters a week, that the US Post Office established a special ZIP code for him.
7. The Smithsonian National Zoo is Fourth Most Popular Smithsonian Destination
8. It's Free to Visit the National Zoo
Like all museums, galleries, and gardens in the Smithsonian Institution’s portfolio, the Smithsonian’s National Zoo doesn’t charge admission and is open 364 days a year. Smithsonian Institution venues are only closed on December 25th.
9. Seeing Double
The National Zoo actually has two campuses. Besides the 163-acre zoological park at 3001 Connecticut Ave NW, there is also a 3,200-acre Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute located 70 miles to the west in Front Royal, Virginia. Although it’s not open to the public, the Institute includes a large variety of trees, shrubs, plants, and grasses, including 36 different types of bamboo.
Complete List of Smithsonian Museums
In order to help you plan your visit to the Smithsonian, here is a complete list of Smithsonian museums:
- African American Museum, National Mall
- African Art Museum, National Mall
- Air and Space Museum, National Mall
- Air and Space Museum Udvar-Hazy Center, Chantilly, Virginia
- American Art Museum, Penn Quarter
- American History Museum, National Mall
- American Indian Museum, National Mall
- American Indian Museum Heye Center, New York City
- Anacostia Community Museum, Fort Stanton
- Archives of American Art, Penn Quarter
- Arts and Industries Building, National Mall
- Cooper Hewitt, New York City
- Freer Gallery of Art, National Mall
- Hirshhorn, National Mall
- National Zoo, Woodley Park
- Natural History Museum, National Mall
- Portrait Gallery, Penn Quarter
- Postal Museum, Opposite Union Station
- Renwick Gallery, Near the White House
- S. Dillon Ripley Center, National Mall
- Sackler Gallery, National Mall
- Smithsonian Castle, National Mall
- Smithsonian Gardens, National Mall
Practical Information for Visiting the Smithsonian National Zoo in DC
What does it cost to visit the Smithsonian Zoo?
It’s free! Like all experiences in the Smithsonian Institution’s portfolio, there is no admission fee to visit the zoo in Washington, DC.
Where is the National Zoo in DC?
The Smithsonian National Zoo is located at 3001 Connecticut Ave NW in Washington, DC’s Woodley Park neighborhood.
How do you get to the National Zoo by Metro?
To visit the Smithsonian Zoo via Metro, take the red line to the Woodley Park-Zoo/Adams Morgan stop. The main entrance to the zoo is about a half mile northwest on Connecticut Avenue.
What time does the National Zoo open?
The grounds are open daily (except December 25) from 8:00 am to 7:00 pm, with the last admittance at 6:00 pm. Exhibit buildings are open from 9:00 am to 6:00 pm, and dining and shopping venues are open from 10:00 to 5:00 pm.
How big is the National Zoo?
The zoo in Washington, DC, sits on 163 acres.
How many animals are in the National Zoo?
The Smithsonian Zoo is home to 2,700 animals representing more than 390 species including giant pandas.
How much time does it take to see the National Zoo?
Sitting on more than 160 acres and displaying more than 390 species of animals, you can easily spend a full day at the National Zoo. However, if your Washington, DC, itinerary doesn’t allow for a full day at the zoo, then prioritize and see what you can with the time you have!
What's the best way to learn more about the National Zoo?
Have You Visited the Smithsonian's Zoo in Washington, DC?
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