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Team USA: 15 Fascinating Olympic Facts

A hand holding the Team USA and Olympic flags

With the bang of a timpani and blare of trumpets, the Olympic theme will soon be stuck in your head as the Olympic flame is lit in Beijing. Athletes from around the world will eagerly compete in a variety of events, and here in the US my fellow Americans will cheer for Team USA. But before you position yourself in front of the television for 16 days, check out these little-known Team USA Olympic facts.

Heading into the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing, Team USA has won 2,934 medals, making it the winningest nation in the history of the modern Olympics. And while you may know that Italy is hosting the 2026 Winter Olympics or that Team USA swimmer Michael Phelps is the most decorated Olympian of all time, you’ll likely be surprised to discover these 15 little-known Team USA Olympic facts.

Olympic rings with sun flare in Tokyo
Although the games will now take place in the summer of 2021 (due to the COVID-19 pandemic), they will still be referred to as the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. Photo by Shutterstock.

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An example of the medals awarded at the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta
An example of the medals awarded at the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta.

1. First Team USA Woman to Win a Gold Medal

Although women were excluded from the first modern Olympics in Athens in 1896, they were invited to participate in the next go-round — Paris in 1900. Born and raised in the US as Helen Barbey, sailor Hélène de Pourtalès was representing Switzerland when she became the first female Olympic champion. So the first American woman to win a gold medal for Team USA was Margaret Abbott. She shot 47 in nine holes to take first place in the golf competition, but because she was a woman, she received a porcelain bowl instead of a gold medal.

Olympic Rings in St. Louis - Photo by Sage Scott
Olympic rings on the Washington University campus in St. Louis.

2. Bringing the Games Stateside

Long before the tiny Upstate New York town of Lake Placid and the sprawling metropolis of Los Angeles hosted the Olympic Games, St. Louis was the first US city to host the Olympics. Although Chicago was originally slated to host the third modern Olympics in 1904, its organizers feared that the World’s Fair in St. Louis would draw too many people away from the Windy City. So in addition to showcasing the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in 1904 (also known as the World’s Fair), the Gateway to the West also hosted the Games of the III Olympiad.

Jesse Owens
Jesse Owens (pictured here) was NOT the first African American to win Olympic gold. Photo by Canva.

3. First African American to Win an Olympic Gold Medal

Several decades before Jesse Owens stood on the winner’s podium in Berlin, demonstrating the fallacy of Hitler’s deranged Aryan supremacy beliefs, another African American was the first to win an Olympic gold medal for Team USA. In the fourth modern Olympics, held in London in 1908, John Baxter Taylor Jr. was the first African American to win a gold medal as part of the men’s medley relay team.

Boxing Gloves
Only one American has won gold in both the Summer and Winter Games. Photo by Canva.

4. A Switch Hitter (of Sorts)

Although thousands of athletes have competed in the modern Olympics over the past 125 years, only one American has won gold in both the Summer and Winter Games. Boxer turned bobsledder Eddie Eagan won the gold medal in the light-heavyweight division for boxing at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium. Eight years later, he won a gold medal in bobsledding at the 1932 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid.

The first Olympics in history to be televised were the 1960 Winter Games. Photo by Canva.

5. Tuning In On TV

In the 21st century, round-the-clock media coverage of the Olympic Games is as much a part of the event as the five interlocking circles on the Olympic flag or the percussion-and-brass-fueled theme song composed by John Williams. But did you know that the first Olympics in history to be televised were the 1960 Winter Games in Squaw Valley?

Herb Brooks Arena in Lake Placid, NY
Before the 1980 men's hockey team brought home the gold for Team USA (in what's now known as the Herb Brooks Area and pictured above), another group of young Americans upset the reigning champions first. Photo by Sheila Scarborough.

6. Forgotten Miracle

Known as the “Miracle on Ice,” one of the most memorable moments in Team USA Olympic history was when the men’s hockey team won the gold medal in Lake Placid in 1980. Coached by Herb Brooks, the team of American college students and amateurs stunned the world when it beat the Soviet national team, who had long dominated the sport. But did you know that the first US men’s hockey team to win gold was  actually in the 1960 Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley, California? And, in a surprising turn of events, before he would coach the 1980s men’s hockey team, Herb Brooks was the last player cut from the 1960s team by coach Jack Riley a week before the Olympic Games started.

USA and USSR Flag
The US boycotted the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. Photo by Canva.

7. Staying Home

When the modern Olympics began in 1896, athletes from 14 nations participated, including the United States. But despite its success in the games over the past 125 years, the winningest nation will never be able to join the elite few who have competed in every Olympics. Why? Because the United States boycotted the Moscow 1980 Summer Olympics, protesting the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

Ronald Regan
Ronald Regan opened the Olympics in Los Angeles when he was president. Photo by Canva.

8. Opening by The Gipper

Although it was the sixth Olympics held in the United States, the 1984 event in Los Angeles was the first Olympics to be opened by a US president. According to Olympic protocol, the person opening the Summer Olympics is to say, “I declare open the Games of [name of host city] celebrating the [number of the Olympiad] Olympiad of the modern era.” However, former actor turned president Ronald Reagan went slightly off script, saying, “Celebrating the XXIII Olympiad of the modern era, I declare open the Olympic Games of Los Angeles.”

9. An Equal Opportunity Long Overdue

Never part of the ancient Olympic Games, the marathon has one of the most fascinating histories of all sports included in the modern Olympics. And one of the most surprising facts is that women weren’t allowed to compete in the Olympic marathon until 1984. That’s more than 60 years after women earned the right to vote, more than two decades after the Equal Pay Act was signed, and nearly three years after the first woman was appointed to the US Supreme Court. Wow!

10. So Who Won the First Ever Women’s Olympic Marathon?

American long distance runner Joan Benoit was the first woman to win an Olympic gold medal, in the marathon at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. She covered the distance between Santa Monica College and the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum in just under two hours and 23 minutes.

11. America’s Sweetheart

The women’s all-around gymnastics program debuted at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin where the host nation swept the category, earning gold, silver, and bronze. Then the Soviet Union and Soviet bloc nations dominated the sport for decades. But in 1984, at the Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, American teenager Mary Lou Retton made history as the first American gymnast to win gold in the women’s all-around program.

Summer and Winter
Before the 1996 Olympics, the Winter and Summer Games were held in the same calendar year. Photo by Canva.

12. Divide and Conquer

If Baby Boomers and Gen Xers think back to the Olympic Games of their childhoods, they’re likely to remember that the Olympics were once held every four years, with both the Summer and Winter Games taking place in the same year. However, 100 years after the advent of the modern Olympics, that tradition changed in 1996 at the Summer Olympics in Atlanta.

Related Article:  7 Ways to Relive the Atlanta Olympic Games

Speed Skaters

13. The World’s Fastest Ice

When it was built for the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, the Olympic Oval was expected to have the world’s fastest ice. That’s because it is the world’s highest indoor ice rink at 4,675 feet above sea level, an elevation 30% higher than Calgary (the second-highest Olympic Oval). Higher altitudes equate to less air resistance for speed skaters. Plus, the ice is harder and denser, making the overall competition much faster. With 10 Olympic records and eight world records set in Salt Lake City’s Olympic Oval, this American Olympic host city retains bragging rights for the fastest ice on earth!

Michael Phelps swimming in the Olympics
Michael Phelps has won more gold medals than any other athlete in the modern Olympics. Photo by Shutterstock.

14. What It Would Take to Beat Michael Phelps

With 28 Olympic medals to his credit, it’s no surprise that Michael Phelps is a legendary athlete. But the gap between his gold medal count and the next Olympian is one that may never be closed. Over his 16-year Olympic career, Phelps swam to a record 23 gold medals. The next closest athlete, Cold War-era Soviet gymnast Larisa Latynina, “only” has nine.

Memorial Coliseum in LA
The Memorial Coliseum in LA was built in 1923. Photo by Shutterstock.

15. Three-Peat

While some Olympic venues from around the world are abandoned and left to ruin, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum has held the opening and closing ceremonies of two Olympics. And in 2028, it will become the first stadium in the world to host three Olympic games.

Do You Have Olympic Fever?

What’s your favorite Olympic sport? Any other little-known Team USA Olympic facts you want to pass along? Share your experiences in the comments section below.

Team USA - Pin 2 - JPG
Team USA - Pin 3 - JPG
Team USA - Pin 1 - JPG

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12 thoughts on “Team USA: 15 Fascinating Olympic Facts”

  1. So interesting! Here in Germany, one of the most memorable Olympic Games would be the one in Munich when terrorists attacked the team from Israel and murdered some of the athletes. That was a totally traumatic event.
    The boycott of the Olympic Games in Moscow was very hypocritical and deems a bit ironic since the Soviet Union at that time was boycotted for fighting against the Mujahideen – the Taliban’s predecessor. And we all know how that story continued….

    1. I have been so obsessed with the bombing at the Atlanta Olympics, probably because the Richard Jewell movie sparked memories of being in Atlanta at some of the events shortly after the bombing occurred and how that felt, that I totally forgot about those Munich games. Heartbreaking!

  2. This is surely interesting! I did not know that Salt Lake City’s Olympic Oval is the fastest ice on earth. Would love to visit and skate there someday. Thank you for sharing these. I definitely learned something new today. Enjoyed reading it.

  3. Very interesting history. I believe there were many athletes from countries other then the USA who won in different sports in the Olympics during the whole history of the Olympic Games. I had my favorite American athletes such as the women’s gymnastics team and also Jon Weiner, who did not win a medal, but I think he was the best in his artistry in figure stating and in his power of expression. In my home town, Arkhangelsk, hockey with a ball is very popular so we cheered for them all the time.

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