English Afternoon Tea Etiquette (So You Act like a Duchess and Not a Dork)

Etiquette for English Afternoon Tea

Last Updated on September 3, 2020

Before you sit down to enjoy a proper English tea, sipping tea and noshing on dainty tea sandwiches, be sure to follow these English afternoon tea etiquette rules so you act like a duchess (and not a dork). Learn what to call it (not high tea), how to properly pronounce scone, and more!

I paid full price to sip Earl Grey tea, snack on tiny cucumber sandwiches, and nibble on cakes at the Clock Tower Bakery in Overland Park, Kansas. But you can count on me to always share my honest opinions, regardless of who foots the bill.

Have You Sipped and Savored Afternoon Tea?

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As a German-American who’s never watched an episode of Downton Abbey and who needs the subtitles turned on to understand The Crown, I was beyond clueless about English afternoon tea when my daughter, Charlotte, suggested it. The folks working the Clock Tower Bakery’s stand at the Overland Park Farmer’s Market presented her with a flyer, and it sounded like a fun and delicious way to experience something new close to home.

But despite dressing up “smart casual” and using our best American table manners, we coffee-drinking Yankees had a lot to learn about proper etiquette for English afternoon tea time.

Related Article:  How to Speak Yankee – A Guide for People Who Speak Queen’s English

    

What's the History of English Afternoon Tea?

Proper English tea etiquette for English tea service
Afternoon tea is the creation of Anna Maria Russell, the 7th Duchess of Bedford.

Anna Maria Russell, the 7th Duchess of Bedford and lifelong friend of Queen Victoria, is credited with conjuring up afternoon tea. Dinner was usually served around 9:00 pm, causing the Duchess to be hangry in the mid-afternoon. Since Snickers bars weren’t invented yet, she ordered tea, bread, and cakes up to her room. Voilà! Here’s even more background on this delicious British tradition.

What Time is Afternoon Tea Served?

In England, afternoon tea time is typically around 4:00 pm. However, in the United States, English afternoon tea time can vary by establishment. It’s not uncommon for afternoon tea to be served as early as 2:00 pm in the US.
Afternoon tea is typically served at 4:00 pm
In England, afternoon tea is typically served at 4:00 pm.

What Type of Tea is Typically Served During Tea Time?

Earl Grey is one of the most commonly served teas at afternoon tea
Black teas, like Earl Grey, are often served at afternoon tea in England.

My English cousin-in-law always, ALWAYS orders Earl Grey at afternoon tea. (And the way she orders it with her English accent here in Kansas City usually requires her American husband to translate for the server, but that’s another story.) In addition to Earl Grey, other black teas, like Assam or Darjeeling, are also quite popular English afternoon teas. Afternoon tea service may also include herbal teas, like chamomile, peppermint, and hibiscus.

What Foods are Typically on an English Afternoon Tea Menu?

An English afternoon tea menu is light and typically has three components:  bite-sized savory snacks, freshly-baked scones with clotted cream and jam, and an assortment of sweets. Commonly served on a three-tiered rack, savory sandwiches and other finger foods appear on the bottom. Traditional English afternoon tea fare includes cucumber sandwiches and sausage rolls. But trendier options like fennel and apple salad in Belgian endive cups are increasingly popular.

The middle tier typically includes scones. While I’m a big fan of traditional British scones made with just flour, baking powder, butter, milk, and sugar, some English afternoon tea menus include a wide variety of scones. It’s not uncommon to find sweet varieties — like peach scones with vanilla glaze or brown sugar scones with maple butter — or savory options like cheese and jalapeno scones and watercress with goat’s cheese. Well, at least not at afternoon tea service in the United States!

Battenberg cake is often served at English afternoon tea
Battenberg cake is wrapped in marzipan, a type of almond paste.

At the top of the English afternoon tea food pyramid are all of the sweets. Crisp biscuits (as cookies are called in the United Kingdom) and strawberry tarts are popular desserts served at English afternoon tea. One of my favorites, however, is Battenberg Cake. Allegedly created in honor of Queen Victoria’s granddaughter to Prince Louis of Battenberg in the 1880s, this rose pink and lemon yellow checkerboard cake is wrapped with marzipan and is as delicious as it is pretty.

What is the Difference Between Afternoon Tea and High Tea?

While the term “high tea” might sound fancier than afternoon tea (especially to Americans), it’s not the same thing. It’s more of a high is low and low is high situation. Sort of like Greenland (full of ice) and Iceland (full of green).

Unlike afternoon tea which serves fancy finger foods and dainty cakes, high tea is a hearty meal served family style that came about during the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. It was the main meal enjoyed by laborers when they came home after a long day in the fields, factories and mines. Despite a name suggesting it’s directed at high society, high tea got its name because it was historically served at a high table (rather than a low table).

So, if you plan to enjoy a proper English tea, do not refer to it as high tea!

Are There Any Other Types of Afternoon Tea Services?

Now that you’ve mastered the difference between afternoon (or “low tea”) and high tea, here are a few other afternoon tea services.

Cream Tea – Scones + Tea

A cream tea is the simplest type of English tea service with only scones, clotted cream, jam, and tea. Because a cream tea stars only scones and tea, cream tea etiquette is similarly straightforward. Be sure you know how to pour and stir your tea (and eat your scone), and you’re all set!

Light Tea – Scones + Sweets + Tea

This afternoon tea service adds sweet treats to go above and beyond cream tea, but doesn’t include the savory finger foods from full tea. Because why eat sandwiches if you can enjoy petite fours, macaroons, and other sweet treats instead?!?

Full Tea (AKA afternoon tea or low tea) – Savory Foods + Scones + Sweets + Tea

This is the version of afternoon tea predominantly covered in this article.

Royal Tea – Full Tea + Champagne or Sherry

Adding a glass of alcohol to the standard fare makes a tea royal versus regular. Day drinking, cucumber sandwiches, and fruit tarts? Count me in!

What Should You Wear to Afternoon Tea?

Most restaurants and other establishments serving English afternoon tea anticipate that their guests will dress in a “smart casual” or “business casual” style. For women, this means that dresses and nice slacks (including nice jeans) paired with a pretty top is appropriate. For men, nice slacks (including nice jeans) and a collared shirt are appropriate. While it’s not necessary for men to wear a jacket or tie, it wouldn’t be over-the-top. Sweat pants, yoga pants, jeans with tears, and tennis shoes are generally not appropriate.

Etiquette for Afternoon Tea

With those questions answered, here are the British tea etiquette rules to follow so you can mind your tea manners when enjoying English afternoon tea.

Rule #1 - A Tea by Any Other Name...

At English Afternoon Tea, you want to accept some tea, not a tea.  

“Yes, I’d like some tea.”

and not

“Sure, I’ll have a tea.”

Tea like Earl Grey is served with cream and sugar at British afternoon tea
If you take your tea with cream and sugar, the proper way to do so is in this order: sugar, tea, cream.

Rule #2 - Order of Operations

In order to assemble a proper cuppa according to British tea drinking etiquette, follow these steps:

  1. Start with sugar
  2. Fill your teacup about 3/4 full
  3. Add the desired amount of milk

Centuries ago, servants added milk before tea as a way to prevent the scalding tea from cracking their lower quality teacups. Since that’s no longer an issue, everyone is expected to follow the classier order of events outlined above during English tea time.   

Rule #3 - Stir at Six and Twelve

To properly stir the sugar and milk into your tea, place your spoon in a six o’clock position in the cup and gently move it up and down, not around. It is also important not to clink the spoon against the sides or bottom of the cup. As I write this, I can hear Julie Andrew’s voice as Mary Poppins saying, “Do not clink your spoon please, Jane. We are not a bull in a china shop!”

When you are done with your vertical (not circular) stir, place the spoon on the saucer alongside the back of the teacup.

Three tiers of English afternoon tea treats
English afternoon tea selections are bite-sized and served in a three-tiered display with the savory selections on the bottom, scones in the middle, and sweets on the top. They should be enjoyed from the bottom, up. 

Rule #4 - I Only Have Eyes for You

When it’s time to take a sip of tea, look into your teacup, not over it. Just like it’s easier to hit a home run when you keep your eye on the ball when it’s pitched, it’s easier not to spill tea down your front or on the tablecloth when you keep your eye on your cup. 

Apparently, casting your eyes down as you sip also makes you look more demure, in case that’s the look you’re going for…

Rule #5 - Pinkies Up?  Absolutely Not!

Forget the etiquette rules followed during the Kool-Aid tea parties you hosted as a child. As it turns out, extending your pinkie finger is quite rude. Instead, tuck your pinkie finger in and pinch the handle with your thumb, index, and middle finger.

Cucumber sandwiches are often served at English afternoon tea.
Dainty cucumber sandwiches are a classic savory treat at English afternoon tea.

Rule #6 - Know the Nibbles

If You Don’t Eat Your Meat, You Can’t Have Any Pudding

Traditional savory items include finger sandwiches, pinwheels, and other bite-sized offerings, like mini sausage rolls. Common sandwich fillings include:

  • Thinly sliced cucumbers and butter
  • Smoked salmon and dill
  • Egg salad
  • Deviled ham
  • Tuna salad

ToMAYto, ToMAHto

Moving on to the scones which are pronounced “sCON” and not “sCONE”. Ooops! I’ve been saying that wrong all these years. Just like mascarpone. (The “r” is tricky in that one!)

And just like there is a difference between English biscuits (cookies) and American biscuits (like we eat open-faced and smothered with sausage gravy), there is a difference between English and American sconesBritish scones are plain, round cakes that resemble American biscuits (minus the sausage gravy). American scones are usually sweet triangles with “mix-ins” like blueberry and glazes like lemon.

The scone should be broken in half horizontally and enjoyed with clotted cream and jam.  For the record, the scones at the Clock Tower Bakery were amazing!

A Chicken and Egg Situation

Apparently, there is some debate over which should be applied first to the halved scone — clotted cream or strawberry jam.  But, just like there’s no wrong way to eat a Reece’s peanut butter cup, it turns out there’s no wrong way to top off a scone. After considering the pros and cons of clotted cream versus strawberry jam first, I went Cornish-style with jam first followed by clotted cream.

Sweets for My Sweet

The top layer of the serving tray features a variety of sweets including petits fours, tarts, and other desserts. A traditional English afternoon tea sweet is Battenberg cake, a pink and yellow checkered cake wrapped in marzipan.

Rule #7 - Wrapping Up

As tea time draws to a close, remove your napkin from your lap and place it to the left of your dishes. If you need to excuse yourself during afternoon tea, place your napkin on your chair, and not on the table.

Have You Enjoyed Afternoon Tea Service?

What type of tea did you sip? Do you prefer the savory or sweet snacks?  Any afternoon tea etiquette rules I’ve missed?  Share your thoughts in the comments below!

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32 thoughts on “English Afternoon Tea Etiquette (So You Act like a Duchess and Not a Dork)”

  1. I am a huge fan of tea- a tea and some tea. I have taken tea around the world, but still learned a lot from this post. My favorite tea ever was a cream tea in the Cotswolds in England at Lucy’s. And the setting was perfect. English scones are so much better than American ones, mainly because they make true clotted cream.

  2. We do a lot of Afternoon Teas. And I really never looked at the etiquette before going. I hope I have not been a dork! I don’t like either Earl Grey or Darjeeling. So I am sure my tea choices have offended someone. And I generally like my tea without sugar or milk. Another faux pas. We did certainly learn about pinkies down though! But good to know I can eat my scone with cream or jam layered first! Thanks for the fun lesson. I pinned this and shared it so I don’t forget any of the lessons.

  3. Very entertaining read! Reminded me all my cream teas enjoyed in London; and I even learned a thing or two (including the scon vs scone)

  4. pinkcaddytraveloguegmailcom

    I was so confused by the different types of teas when I first visited the UK! I was definitely in the camp that though High Tea must be something fancy. Wish I’d had this article before I went there haha. Also – who came up with vertical stirring?! How does that make sense?!

  5. I loved the section about pronouncing sCON or sCONE, a never ending British debate. Although, I’m ashamed to say, that even as a Brit, I never knew there were so many rules nor have I ever had ‘afternoon tea’. This is certainly something I need to add to my home country bucket list.

  6. thegetawayjournals

    What a great post! Also, love the title. I’ve always wondered where to look when sipping tea/coffee – never knew there was a “right” answer. Huh!

  7. Excellent guide! I live in the UK and love going for afternoon tea. I am happy you mentioned about the tea as I always go for an Earl Grey at afternoon tea 😀

    1. As a German-American who is new to English afternoon tea, it warms my heart to hear that I did justice to another country’s beloved tradition. (And oh boy are fresh scones slathered with clotted cream and strawberry jam absolutely delicious, especially when paired with Earl Grey tea!)

  8. Karen Henrikson

    There is a proper way to “wipe” your mouth with your napkin. You don’t WIPE, you gently dab or blot.

    1. That sounds appropriate for tea. After all, it’s not like you’re eating barbeque ribs. You’re eating cucumber sandwiches and cakes, and a gentle dab or blot should do! 🙂

  9. Definitely never ‘high tea’ – this is one of my pet peeves so I was happy to see it here! 🙂 Both ways to say scone are correct though, it’s a common (and fun) thing for Brits agree to disagree about!

    1. I think Americans in particular think that the word “high” somehow adds an element of sophistication to tea time. LOVE knowing that even the locals argue over “scon” and “scown” as pronunciations for my favorite part of tea time!

  10. I love this! So traditionally British to have rules around everything, even where your eyes should be looking when you drink the tea. What a great read, although, I sure have been doing it wrong. On the bright side, I did know how to pronounce scone.

    1. I was pretty much doing EVERYTHING wrong. And now that I know how to pronounce scone properly, my kids roll their eyes at me. (Clearly, our ancestors did not emigrate from anywhere near the British Isles. LOL!

  11. I never knew all the controversy over the pronunciation of ‘scone’ before! I will contemplate my own pronunciation over a hot cuppa. Informative piece on tea time.

    1. After learning these etiquette rules, I now add cream to my coffee every morning chanting out loud, “six and twelve, six and twelve” instead of my ingrained circular stir. LOL!

    1. I guess you’re looking for a late afternoon dinner meal served with a plate of meat and side bowls of vegetables then, because that’s what “high tea” is – not the quaint tradition of taking tea in the afternoon with friends with little sandwiches, scones, and sweets.

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